Emergency response system:

1. Related links:

(0) Medical response

(0) ERS System:

(0) Current ERS Systems:

(1) Current EMS systems:

(2) Current standards for EMS systems:

IEEE 1512 : 1512.3-2002, 1512.1-2003, 1512-2000

2. State of the art:

EMS has been applied to many fields, such as medical emergency, satellite monitoring, oil spill detection, police control, bush fire and transportation management. Among above applications, transportation system combined with EMS is the hot spot in recent years. Current transportation, EMS and 911 systems are being integrated to one collaborative network. The national ITS(intelligent transportation system) architecture provides a common framework for planning, defining and integrating intelligent transportation systems. Wireless communication and global position system are two key technologies to implement this system. In addition, a device installed on vehicles, called ACN(Automatic Collision Notification), is used to automatically sense a crash and send "crash alarm" to the E911 center.

3. Problem to be solved:

(1) The input emergency data should be well classified, identified and accurately transmitted.

(2) Standards need to be stipulated guarantee the correct interaction of emergency messages among distributed systems.

(3) Establish accurate models to simulate the emergency environment and provide most effective emergency plan.

(4) The integration of EMS, transportation, medical treatment and wireless communication requires much work to do, such as coordination, decision-making, evacuvation planning and operator training.

4. Research directions:

(1) Spatial-temporal processing technology can be applied to EMS system, facilitating the location identification and route selection in emergency situations.

(2) Interoperability between existing stand-alone E911 system, traffic management system and emergency response system nees to be improved to provide more efficient and effective emergency administration.